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05/2014 對話訊息:「圖像記錄的新手指南 」| A How-to Guide for Novice Visual Note Takers

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圖像記錄的新手指南

5 2012朝邦文教基金會對話新訊息  May 2014 Dialogue Newsletter

在準備6月13-14日將舉行的「打開心窗說亮畫」工作坊之前(請於此報名:http://cpyf.splashthat.com/),我們提供了兩次下午的練習時段,讓參與的夥伴可以進行基本的練習 ~下一次的練習時段為5月25日,請於此報名: https://www.facebook.com/events/1419080331694608

許多人想要了解如何開始學習將想法以圖像呈現,這次的新訊中為各位介紹Doug Neill所提供的「圖像記錄的新手指南」。以下就是一種將語言的想法化身為圖像想法的方式:

 步驟一:閱讀和繪製草稿

在閱讀時,將一些初步的想法記錄下來,也開始試圖將這些想法化為圖像。盡量採用很多的圖像圖像,但是並不是每一個想法都要用圖像呈現。重點是不要太過著力於圖像的層面,而失去文字敘述的節奏。你可以晚一點回來補上遺漏的圖像,而且隨著練習,畫圖的動作就會越來越自然,也會發現自己將語言化為圖像的技巧越來越熟練。

步驟二:開始呈現較重要的概念

在這階段,請將最重要的概念寫在一張3x5的紙卡上。這樣做的目的,是要將每一個重要的概念,更細緻地呈現於圖像上 確定概念清楚俐落。這樣一來,可以讓你有機會在一個特定的空間、在很少的壓力下將這概念呈現出來。我通常會試試不同的版本,然後再選我最喜歡的。用這些紙卡的好處,就是在我完全詮釋這概念之前,我不會失去我的動力。這個步驟讓你可以慢慢思考,如何將剩下的文字筆記轉換成圖像。

步驟三:排版

思考每一個概念,並決定如何將這些概念排列於一個完整的圖片上。這是一個很重要的步驟,因為要決定的事如何架構起這些概念。版面的排列越是和卡片的內容一致,就越容易閱讀這些圖像,立刻了解整體的狀況和細節。下面的這張範本中,我將學習的動力放在中央的位置,然後將一些和動力相關的想法畫在周圍,以箭頭的方式做連結。

步驟四:完成的作品

在第四、最後的步驟中,你沿著版面的排列,將所有的概念融合成一個完整的圖片。你已經在每一張紙卡上做了很多的練習,現在可以將焦點放在大畫面上。根據剛剛安排好的版面進行,不要害怕,隨時可以做補充和修正,讓自己在創意上有絕對的自由度,每一個階段都盡情發揮。或許你會發現,當你將這些概念呈現在一張畫面上的時候,也會注意到更多概念上的關連性。

回顧

或許感覺上這是一個很長的流程,但是對我來說,這些步驟幫助我紓緩壓力,不再排斥將語言轉化為圖像的過程。用3x5的紙卡讓我在一開始就有一點成就感,而且在最後完成、畫出一張圖像之前,也讓我可以有凝聚專注力的任務可以進行。我還是鼓勵大家完成最後的圖像。將所有的想法放在同一張畫面上的時候,在你的腦內可以讓所有的概念更堅定,並串連所有的想法。讓你對整體的概念有更深入的了解,在未來也更能記得細節和整體概念。

如果想要增強你的「圖像語彙」,可參考以下文章: http://www.thegraphicrecorder.com/2012/12/28/prototyping-to-increase-your-visual-vocabulary/

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A How-to Guide for Novice Visual Note Takers

In preparation for the two-day Graphic Recording workshop on June 13-14th, (Register at: http://cpyf.splashthat.com/), we’re offering two afternoon sessions to introduce participants to basic graphic practices ~ the upcoming afternoon sharing is May 25 and you can register here: https://www.facebook.com/events/1419080331694608.

In response to questions about how to begin learning how to draw ideas, this newsletter features “A How-to Guide for Novice Visual Note Takers”, by Doug Neill.  What follows is one way of going from verbal ideas to visual ideas:

STEP 1: READING AND ROUGH SKETCHING

As you read, take some rough notes and sketch out some initial attempts at visualizing the ideas.  Get in as much visuals as you can, but don’t worry about making every single idea visual.  The important thing here is to not spend so much time worrying about the visuals that you lose the flow of the text.  You’ll can come back later to fill in any visual gaps; with more practice this step will become more and more natural, and you will find it easier to move quickly from verbal ideas to visual ideas.

STEP 2: PULLING OUT THE BIG CONCEPTS

In this stage you take the most important ideas and put each onto one 3×5 note card.  The purpose is to refine the visual form of each important concept – making sure that it is clean and crisp.  The benefit of this stage is that it gives you the opportunity to test out ideas in a contained space with minimal pressure.  I often go through a few versions of an idea before I am happy with how it turns out.  The nice thing about working with 3×5 cards is that I don’t feel like I have lost any momentum even if it takes a couple of drafts before I feel that I have cleanly captured the idea.  This stage also gives you time to ponder how to turn the remaining verbal notes into visual notes. 

STEP 3: LAYING IT OUT

Take the individual concepts and determine how to arrange them in a complete sketch. This stage is important because you are looking for the most appropriate way to structure the individual ideas.  The more the form of your arrangement aligns conceptually with the content of the cards, the easier it will be to look back on the sketch and understand right away the big picture and the details.  In the example above I have placed the motivation for learning at the center, and then grouped related ideas as offshoots of that central motivation.

STEP 4: THE FINISHED PRODUCT

In the fourth and final step you follow the layout and turn all of your individual ideas into one complete sketch.  You’ve had practice with each of the individual sketches and you’re ready to focus on the big picture.  As you follow the plan you laid out earlier, don’t be afraid to add in new touches as you go – you want to give yourself the freedom to be creative at each stage.  And you might also find that new conceptual connections reveal themselves only once you are actually putting it all down on one page.

REFLECTIONS

This might seem like a long process, but it helped me get over my anxiety of turning verbal ideas into visual ideas.  The intermediate step of 3×5 cards gives you a sense of accomplishment early in the process AND it gives you something to work with even if you don’t reach the final stages of laying it out and creating a complete sketch.  But I do encourage you to create the complete sketch – by putting it all together within one frame you are solidifying in your own brain the way in which each of the individual ideas are connected.  This will give you a better understanding of the big picture and will also make it easier to recall both the details and the big picture in the future.

To increase your “visual vocabulary” take a look at this related article: http://www.thegraphicrecorder.com/2012/12/28/prototyping-to-increase-your-visual-vocabulary/

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